If we agree on most of the above pairs, let us consider what all of the images on the left have in common, and thus what distinguishes them from those on the right.
Each one consists of a huge number of elements, groups of uncountable details interlaced in various parts of those diverse sights. Some might be called highly contrasting, others are toned down. Let us forget about our emotional attitudes towards the represented places or objects and focus on the compositional aspect alone. We will then see that the elements and groups of elements which constitute the images on the left, are less internally diverse than those which constitute the images on the right. Regardless whether the elements are more contrasted by their colours, shapes, sizes or textures, on the left these internal contrast levels are more limited – or in other words, more evenly distributed. Even the image of the Hindu crowd celebrating Holi, although at first it might seem more internally diverse than the image of the crowd to the right, on closer inspection turns out to be composed of forms which are much more similar to one another. The crowd on the right picture consists of uncountable structures of varying kinds, the colour and light contrasts are thicker in some parts and thinner in others. Cut through by diagonal elements, it is divided in two with the top side dominated by a square screen. These contrasts do not increase the expressive power of the neighbouring parts of the image, instead weakening it through their randomness, leading to chaos. Chaos, or irregularly distributed contrasts between elements. A similar effect can be observed on the images of the nightclub. The old English jack-plane looks pleasing not only because it looks like a wizard’s tool, but also because the dozen or so metal cranks and holds all differ from each other in such a way that none of them draws our attention away from the others by excessively standing out. Yet this is what happens with the jack-plane on the other image. The rice fields are perhaps best at illustrating this phenomenon.
An interesting question arises: if all of the rice terraces became even more similar to each other, would this sight be even more pleasing to us? I could not find such an image, but this could lead in the following direction:
And should the elements become even more similar to one another, we would reach this:
So where is the boundary at which the level of internal diversity of elements turns a monotonous image into diversity which is so pleasing to the eye, and what can happen further?
Please look at those 14 images and check: